Experiencing pain or loss of motion in a joint or muscle area? You may have an orthopaedic injury. Get back on your feet with treatments like physical therapy, medication, and surgery.
Musculoskeletal Injuries & Orthopaedic Injuries
What are the signs of an orthopaedic injury?
- Limited range of motion
- Discomfort doing normal activities
- Recurring pain and lingering aches
- Swelling and stiff, painful joints
Your bones, muscles, and joints are tough, but not indestructible. Age, occupation, activity level, and lifestyle can all cause injuries.
What are your risk factors for orthopaedic injury?
- Carrying too much body weight
- Calcium and vitamin D deficiency
- Repetitive movements for long periods of time (working at your desk, loading packages, or manual work at a factory)
- Involvement in athletics
- Employment in strenuous physical work like construction
- Being over the age of 65
- An inactive lifestyle
What are some common orthopaedic injuries?
- Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears: Sudden stops or twists can cause the ACL to tear or become over-stretched.
- Carpal tunnel syndrome: Pain, weakness, or numbness in your hand, wrist, and arm caused by a pinched nerve in your wrist.
- Boutonnière deformity: Torn tendons prevent the fingers from straightening.
- Dislocation: Bones are moved out of their normal positions in a joint.
- Fractures: These occur when force or pressure is put on the bone and it breaks or cracks.
- Fragility fractures: Small breaks in the bone caused by simple falls. Low bone density from osteoporosis can lead to fragility fractures.
- Herniated (slipped) discs: Painful shifts, swelling, or rupture of the cartilage discs that cushion and separate the vertebrae.
- Medial collateral ligament (MCL) injuries: Involves twisting and frequent knee bending, or a blow to the outside of the knee, which tears or strains the ligaments.
- Meniscal (cartilage) tears: The knee’s cushioning cartilage is torn by a sharp twist or pivot.
- Osteoarthritis: Damage to joint cartilage and eventually bones, typically through overuse or aging.
- Plantar fasciitis: Intense pain when standing caused by strained ligaments in the foot.
- Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disease where the body mistakenly attacks cartilage and other organs in the body.
- Rotator cuff injuries: Inflammation or tearing of the tendons and bursae in your shoulder where your arm meets your upper body. Caused by repeated, strenuous overhead activity.
- Sciatica: Pain or numbness in the leg caused by a pinched or damaged nerve in the spine.
- Spinal stenosis: A narrowing or loss of space in the spinal column, which puts pressure on the spinal cord.
- Sprains: These occur when the ligaments that surround a joint stretch too far or tear.
- Tarsal tunnel syndrome: Pain, weakness, and tingly sensations in the foot caused by a pinched or compressed nerve.