Structural Heart Disease
Structural heart disease is a general term that refers to a variety of heart anatomy conditions. These conditions involve damage to, or flaws in, the make-up of your heart, including your heart’s valves, chambers, and walls.
Common structural heart disease conditions include, but aren’t limited to:
- Aortic valve stenosis
- ASD (atrial septal defect)
- PFO (patent foramen ovale)
- Left atrial occulsion
- Mitral regurgitation (degenerative and functional mitrial regurgitation)
- Mitral stenosis
- Paravalvular leaks
- Aortic coarctation
- Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
Structural heart diseases are often present at birth, but some can also occur over time.
Symptoms of Structural Heart Disease
What are some symptoms of structural heart disease? Symptoms vary widely, depending on the nature of the specific diagnosis. Some common signs to be aware of are:
- Exercise or day-to-day activities becoming physically difficult to complete.
- Chest tightness.
- Heart palpitations that might feel like flutters, skipping beats, or racing.
If you experience structural heart disease symptoms, see your doctor right away to discuss diagnosis and treatment options.
Common tests and treatments for structural heart disease:
- Medical management
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Transcatheter aortic valve replacement
- Valve replacement
- Mitral valve clip
- Balloon mitral valvuloplasty