Cancer comes in many forms and is named for the body part or the cell type in which it originated. Be aware of these most common cancer types. Understand how your family history, gender, race and ethnicity, and lifestyle choices affect your likelihood of diagnosis with one of these common cancer forms:
Cervical Cancer. Cervical cancer starts in cells that are on the surface of the cervix. Most cervical cancer is found in women who have not had regular screenings. Read more about cervical cancer.
Lung cancer. Since smoking causes the majority of lung cancers, it’s mostly preventable. Learn more about lung cancer and the lifestyle changes you can make to prevent this disease.
Breast cancer. Early detection and screening are essential. Learn more about breast cancer and what you can do now to protect your breast health.
Genitourinary (GU) cancers. Kidney, testicular, bladder, and prostate cancer. Talk to your doctor about what you can do to promote your genitourinary health.
Gastrointestinal (GI) cancers. Stomach, pancreatic, small intestine, rectal, anal, gall bladder, esophageal, colon and liver cancer. Some risks for these cancers can be controlled by a healthy lifestyle.
Skin cancer. Most often caused by sun exposure. Understand how to detect and prevent skin cancer.
Children’s cancers. Leukemia, brain, and central nervous system tumors are the most common childhood cancer forms. Be aware of the symptoms and your options for support.
Gynecologic cancers. Cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar cancer. Discuss any gynecologic changes such as pain, discharge, itching, bloating, or skin changes with your doctor.
Hematologic cancers. Leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma cancers involve your blood, bone marrow, and lymph nodes. Discuss with your doctor how hematologic cancer affects your blood’s common functions such as fighting infections and preventing excessive bleeding.
Head and neck cancers. Malignant tumors of the oral cavity and head and neck area, including the pharynx, larynx, nasal, and salivary glands.
Neuro cancer. Brain and spinal cord cancer. Discuss risk factors, signs, and diagnosis with your doctor.