Intellectual disabilities affect a child’s learning and functioning abilities and normally last throughout adulthood.
While there are widely varying degrees of severity, challenges may be present in all areas of childhood development – physical, learning, communicative, and emotional.
Intellectual disabilities affect a child’s learning and functioning abilities.
How do you know if your child has an intellectual disability? The following common signs become noticeable by age 18:
- Slow progression in most developmental physical milestones (sitting up, crawling, walking)
- Slow progression in learning to speak
- Difficulty speaking
- Trouble with memory
- Trouble understanding society or social rules
- Trouble learning from actions
- Unable to solve basic problems
A variety of factors can cause intellectual disabilities:
During or soon after birth:
In older children:
- Certain infections
- Serious head injury
If diagnosed, a multidisciplinary team consisting of physicians, behavioral health professionals, therapists and educators will develop a plan to help your child reach their individual potential.
If you believe that your child may have an intellectual disability, contact your pediatrician for a proper evaluation.