Childhood is a time of rapid growth and change. Pediatric well-child visits are most frequent when the child’s development is most rapid.
Each visit includes a complete physical examination. This will assess the infant or young child's growth and development and help identify problems early. Height, weight, and other important information is recorded and considered. Hearing, vision, and other tests will be a part of some visits. Such preventive care is important for raising healthy children.
Well-child visits are also key times for communication. Expect to be given information about normal development, nutrition, sleep, safety, infectious diseases that are "going around," and other important topics for parents.
Make the most of these visits by writing down your most important questions and concerns to bring with you.
Special attention is paid to whether the child has met the normal developmental milestones. The height, weight, and head circumference is recorded on a graph, which the health care provider keeps with the child's chart. You also can keep your own graphs of the height, weight, and head circumference. This can be a great start for discussion. Ask your doctor about the body mass index (BMI) curve, which is the most important tool for identifying and preventing obesity.
There are several schedules for routine well-child visits. One schedule, recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics, is given below.
PREVENTIVE HEALTH CARE SCHEDULE
A visit with a pediatrician before the baby is born is important for first-time parents, those with high-risk pregnancies, and any other parent who wishes to discuss common issues such as feeding, circumcision, and general questions.
After the baby is born, the next visit should be 2-3 days after bringing the baby home (for breast-fed babies) or when the baby is 2-4 days old (for all babies discharged from a hospital before 2 days old). For experienced parents, some practitioners will delay the visit until 1-2 weeks of age.
Thereafter, visits should occur at the following points:
- By 1 month (although experienced parents can wait until the next time, 2 months)
- 2 months
- 4 months
- 6 months
- 9 months
- 1 year
- 15 months
- 18 months
- 2 years
- 3 years
- 4 years
- 5 years
- 6 years
- 8 years
- 10 years
- Each year after that until age 21
Of course, visits and phone calls to a health care provider should be made any time a baby or child seems ill or whenever the parent is concerned about a baby's health or development.
- Breath sounds
- Heart sounds
- Infantile reflexes and deep tendon reflexes as the child gets older
- Neonatal jaundice - first few visits only
- Standard ophthalmic exam
- Temperature measurement (see also normal body temperature)
- Immunizations - general overview
- Babies and shots
- Diphtheria immunization (vaccine)
- DPT immunization (vaccine)
- Hepatitis A immunization (vaccine)
- Hepatitis B immunization (vaccine)
- Hib immunization (vaccine)
- Human papilloma virus (vaccine)
- Influenza immunization (vaccine)
- Meningcococcal (meningitis) immunization (vaccine)
- MMR immunization (vaccine)
- Pertussis immunization (vaccine)
- Pneumococcal immunization (vaccine)
- Polio immunization (vaccine)
- Rotavirus vaccine
- Tetanus immunization (vaccine)
- Varicella (chickenpox) immunization (vaccine)
- Appropriate diet for age
- Balanced diet
- Breast feeding
- Diet and intellectual development
- Fluoride in diet
- Infant formulas
- Obesity in children
Growth and development:
- Infant - newborn development
- Toddler development
- Preschooler development
- School age child development
- Adolescent development
- Developmental milestones
- Developmental milestones record - 2 months
- Developmental milestones record - 4 months
- Developmental milestones record - 6 months
- Developmental milestones record - 9 months
- Developmental milestones record - 12 months
- Developmental milestones record - 18 months
- Developmental milestones record - 2 years
- Developmental milestones record - 3 years
- Developmental milestones record - 4 years
- Developmental milestones record - 5 years
Preparing a child for an office visit is similiar to test and procedure preparation. See:
Reviewed By: Jennifer K. Mannheim, CPNP, private practice, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.