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Multimedia Health Encyclopedia Aarskog syndrome 05/17/2010
Facial-digital-genital syndrome Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Aarskog syndrome is a genetic disorder that is linked to the X chromosome. It affects mainly males, but females may have a milder form. The condition is caused by changes (mutations) in a gene called "faciogenital dysplasia" ( FGDY1 ).
Multimedia Health Encyclopedia Aase syndrome 08/11/2009
Aase-Smith syndrome; Hypoplastic anemia/Triphalangeal thumb syndrome Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Most cases of Aase syndrome occur without a known reason and are not passed down through families (inherited). However, some cases have been shown to be inherited. The anemia in Aase syndrome is caused by poor development of the bone marrow, which is where blood cells are formed.
Multimedia Health Encyclopedia Abdomen - swollen 10/30/2010
Swollen belly; Swelling in the abdomen; Abdominal distention; Distended abdomen Common Causes: Abdominal swelling, or distention, is more often caused by overeating than by a serious illness. This problem can be caused by: Air swallowing (a nervous habit) Buildup of fluid in the abdomen (this can be a sign of a serious medical problem) Gas in the intestines from eating foods that are high in fiber (such as fruits and vegetables) Irritable bowel syndrome Lactose intolerance Ovarian cyst Partial bowel blockage Pregnancy Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) Uterine fibroids Weight gain Home Care: A swollen abdomen that is caused by eating a heavy meal will go away when you digest the food.
Multimedia Health Encyclopedia Abdominal aortic aneurysm 08/21/2009
Aneurysm - aortic; AAA Causes, incidence, and risk factors: The exact cause is unknown, but risk factors for developing an aortic aneurysm include: Smoking High blood pressure High cholesterol Male gender Emphysema Genetic factors Obesity An abdominal aortic aneurysm can develop in anyone, but is most often seen in males over 60 who have one or more risk factors.
Multimedia Health Encyclopedia Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair - open 03/05/2009
AAA - open; Repair - aortic aneurysm - open Description: The surgery will take place in an operating room.
Multimedia Health Encyclopedia Abdominal bloating 04/12/2010
Bloating; Meteorism Considerations: Common Causes: Common causes include: Air swallowing (a nervous habit) Constipation Gastroesophageal reflux Irritable bowel syndrome Lactose intolerance and other food intolerances Overeating Small bowel bacterial overgrowth Weight gain The diabetes medication acarbose, as well as any medicine containing lactulose or sorbitol, may cause bloating.
Multimedia Health Encyclopedia Abdominal CT scan 02/23/2009
CT of the abdomen How the test is performed: You will be asked to lie on a narrow table that slides into the center of the CT scanner. Usually, you will lie on your back with your arms raised above the head. The health care provider may inject a dye into one of your veins.
Multimedia Health Encyclopedia Abdominal exploration 05/17/2010
Laparotomy; Exploratory laparotomy Description: An abdominal exploration (laparotomy) is done while you are under general anesthesia , which means you are asleep and feel no pain during the procedure. The surgeon makes a cut into the abdomen and examines the abdominal organs.
Multimedia Health Encyclopedia Abdominal film 02/22/2009
Abdominal x-ray; X-ray - abdomen; Flat plate; KUB How the test is performed: The test is performed in a hospital radiology department or in the health care provider's office by an x-ray technologist. You lie on your back on the x-ray table. The x-ray machine is positioned over your abdominal area. You hold your breath as the picture is taken so that the picture will not be blurry. You may be asked to change position to the side or to stand up for additional pictures.
Multimedia Health Encyclopedia Abdominal girth 10/26/2009
Review Date: 10/26/2009 Reviewed By: David C.
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